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2009 catalogue
Liquid Feed Guidelines For Cucumbers

Fertiliser Quantities for Greenhouse Cucumber 100 x Concentrate Stock Solution – Run To Waste Galuku Cocopeat Growbags (kg/1000 L water)

  0-3 weeks 3-5 weeks 5-12 weeks 12-end weeks
 
SOLUTION A
CALCIUM NITRATE90.0 kg97.5 kg92.5 kg90.0 kg
POTASSIUM NITRATE0.0 kg15.0 kg25.0 kg20.0 kg
AMMONIUM NITRATE1.2 kg1.2 kg1.2 kg1.2 kg
IRON CHELATES –EDTA 13%0.85 kg0.85 kg0.85 kg0.85 kg
 
SOLUTION B
POTASSIUM NITRATE55.0 kg50.0 kg50.0 kg50.0 kg
POTASSIUM SULPHATE7.5 kg6.0 kg4.0 kg3.0 kg
MONO POTASSIUM PHOSPHATE8.0 kg10.0 kg10.0 kg9.0 kg
MONO AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE6.0 kg6.0 kg6.0 kg6.0 kg
PHOSPHORIC ACID – 81%As requiredAs reqAs reqAs req
MAGNESIUM SULPHATE (Epsom Salt)31.0 kg33.0 kg35.0 kg33.0 kg
MANGANESE SULPHATE -32%Mn185 g185 g200 g200 g
ZINC SULPHATE –23%Zn90 g90 g90 g90 g
SODIUM BORATE –11.3%B290 g290 g290 g290 g
COPPER SULPHATE –25%Cu20 g20 g20 g20 g
SODIUM MOLYBDATE -40%Mo12 g12 g12 g12 g

From the above formulas, the typical nutrient element composition is outlined below when assuming standard element concentrations for each fertilizer and dilutions as outlined above.

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  0-3 weeks 3-5 weeks 5-12 weeks 12-end weeks
Nitrogen-nitrate212238238232
Nitrogen-ammonium9999
Phosphorus35393937
Potassium268307338311
Calcium169179169169
Magnesium31343634
Sulphur54565545
Iron1.121.121.121.12
Manganese0.600.600.650.65
Zinc0.200.200.200.20
Boron0.330.330.330.33
Copper0.050.050.050.05
Molybdenum:0.040.040.040.04
K/N ratio1.21:11.25:11.37:11.29:1

Notes – Guidelines for use:
The four formulas are designed for the individual phases of plant growth.

The 0-3 week solution is designed for application prior to planting to charge the root zone environment and for the first 3 weeks of growth to flowering.

The 3-5 week solution is designed for fruit filling phase prior to harvest.

The 5-12 week solution is used during harvest and has the highest potassium to nitrogen ratio.

The 12 to end solution should be used for the rest of the cropping phase. With a heavy crop load, add an additional 5.0 kg of Potassium Nitrate to Solution A, 10.0 kg of Potassium Nitrate to Solution B and 2.5 kg of Magnesium Sulphate to Solution B.

In all cases, run off solution and leaf analysis should be conducted to determine optimal nutritional management of the plants. It is advised to conduct this on a regular basis to identify trends in the nutritional uptake of plants.

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Electrical Conductivity
The electrical conductivity supplied in the drip water will depend on the phase of growth, environmental conditions, crop performance, fruit load, varietal requirements etc.

The electrical conductivity of the drip water must be controlled by the grower. In hot weather, high light conditions, weak or highly generative growth use a lower electrical conductivity. With low light, cool weather, soft growth use a higher electrical conductivity. As a guide an electrical conductivity of 2.0 to 3.5 dS/m in the drip water is typically used under certain conditions.

In general, run off from the bags should be measured and recorded. Run off readings of 2.3 to 3.5 dS/m in run off are acceptable under certain conditions. Avoid high and low electrical conductivity readings for extended periods unless the conditions warrant them.

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pH
The pH of the drip water should be applied at 5.3 to 6.0. The run off should be maintained at 5.3 to 6.5. If the pH is higher in the drip and run off solutions, Phosphoric Acid 81% should be added to the B solution at 1.0 L and then the pH monitored in the drip water and run off solution. If pH is still high continue to add Phosphoric Acid 81% gradually until 2.0 L of acid is used, further additions will require modifications to the feed solution supplied to plants.

Future B solutions may need to be modified to reduce the total amount of phosphorus supplied with 3.0 L of Phosphoric Acid 81%. For 1.0 L of Phosphoric Acid 81%, remove 1.5 kg of Mono Potassium Phosphate and add 1.0 kg of Potassium Sulphate to maintain similar phosphorus and potassium levels supplied.

Never exceed 5.0 L of Phosphoric Acid 81%, seek further advice on long term pH management of the nutrient solution and run off to improve long term nutrient balance. High use of Phosphoric Acid 81% will require adjustment to the Mono Potassium Phosphate and Mono Ammonium Phosphate ratios to supply more ammonium nitrogen in the liquid feed and better long term pH control.

Under rapid growth and nutrient uptake, the pH may rise. This can be regulated by the addition of Ammonium Nitrate, never use any more than 4.5 kg per 1000 L in total unless analysis confirms suitability. To restrict nitrate as nitrogen, Ammonium Sulphate could be trialled in several tanks but do not exceed 7% ammonium as the total nitrogen concentration.

When modifying the pH and electrical conductivity, make gradual changes to avoid rapid changes in the conditions in the growing media and root zone.

Disclaimer
The information provided is given in good faith as a general guide only. Significant variation in local climate, greenhouse environment, cultural practices, variety, managerial conditions and other variables are likely to influence crop performance. No liability will be accepted by Galuku Pty Ltd or its representatives for the lack of perceived or actual performance in response to the information provided.

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